Monday, 12 December 2016

Functional Language

When we speak we also need to use FUNCTIONAL LANGUAGE:

Functional language is language that we use to perform various "functions" such as giving advice or apologizing.

 Functional language typically uses fixed expressions for each function–for example "if I were you" or "my suggestion is" in giving advice, and "it was my fault" or "please forgive me" in apologizing.

The following  pages list common expressions for each function, graded by level. You should focus on INTERMEDIATE EXPRESSIONS Have a look!



Wednesday, 30 November 2016

-ING or Infinitive?

Doing little is fun. 
I love lounging...

Remember the general rules:

WE use the -ing form

After certain Verbs
After prepositions
When the verb is the subject of the sentece

We use the infinitive:

After certain verbs
After adjectives
For reason or purpose

See the following links

Verbs followed by INFINITIVE
Verbs followed by -ING
Verbs Followed by Gerunds OR Infinitives (Different Meaning)*


1. Do they enjoy_____ (read) ?
2. Sorry for ______(be) so late. I overslept!
3. I don't mind _____ (help) in the house.
4. It was stupid _________(run): the train had left.
5. She's always dreamt of ________(have) a house by the seaside .
6. ___________(not/have) a mobile phone nowadays is old-fashioned.
7. What about________ (ask) our teacher?
8. We stopped_________ (talk) when the teacher entered the room.
9. Please, keep__________ (tell) us what happened yesterday.
10. She promised_________ (help) me with the essay.
11. They would prefer ________(fly) to England.
12. Will you be able________ (speak) English fluently next year?
13. She left without _________(say) good-bye.
14. He persuaded her________ (buy) another washing-machine.
15. Susan bought the car _________(give) it to her daughter for her birthday.

Answers  in Comment 1 :-)

What do you do? I'm an artist

General vocabulary
What do you do?
I'm a model
She works as a lawyer
o   a regular job
o   commuter
o   employee
o   employer
o   He took a job as a waiter.
o   occupation
o   profession
o   to earn one's living
o   to run a firm
o   trade
o   What do you do for a living?
o   Worker
o   Temporary/ part-time job
o   application
o   application form
o   apprentice, trainee
o   apprenticeship
o   CV (curriculum vitae)/ resume
o   job interview
o   skilled worker
o   to apply for a job
o   training
o   training course
o   vacancy


o   period of notice
o   To be unemployed/ to be out of work/ to be on the dole
o   to fire/ to sack /to dismiss somebody
o   to resign, to quit
o   to retire
o   unemployment
o   unemployment benefit, dole money


Working hours, Pay
o   a full-time job
o   a part-time job
o   wages
o   flexitime
o   payslip
o   salary
o   to get a rise, to get a raise
o   to work shifts
o   to work overtime
o   wage cut



Generally, people who get paid a "salary" get their money monthly, and get the same amount each month. A salary usually doesn't change based on the number of hours you work.  If you get paid a "salary", you usually say things like "I make $30,000 a year."
If you get paid a wage, it usually means that you get a certain amount per hour. The more hours you work, the more money you will make.

  • vacancy ·  the state or condition of being vacant or unoccupied; emptiness ·  an unoccupied post or office: we have a vacancy in the accounts department
o   flexitime a system that allows an employee to choose the hours for starting and leaving work.
o   Payslip ‘nómina’
o   to get a rise, to get a raise (In American English, a person receives a raise in salary. In British English it is a rise.)

NOW PLEASE write a comment saying what you do

Wednesday, 16 November 2016


These days we've been looking at the second conditional and the vocabulary of  Homes and Houses...
Visit these links for further practice ...

Do some

Practice on

Revise vocabulary

Watch,  listen, enjoy this old song ;-)

Lyrics to the song 'Our House' HERE

Have a nice weekend.

Thursday, 13 October 2016

Listening on EDUCATION


  • This one on LISTENING. 
  • Next one is the powerpoint presentation seen in class and further practice on LET,  BE ALLOWED, MAKE
  • And below there is a guideline for an OPINION COMPOSITION.


Visit the following link to practice your listening skill a bit further:


British Education

 These days we have started the topic of Education.
 Watch the ppt presentation again.

Could you explain  in similar words what the Spanish Education is like?

PRACTICE the new grammar. Visit the link:


Opinions matter

How to Write An Opinion Composition

Imagine you are given the following topic: Should police officers carry guns? Discuss.

Make a draft copy and write down your ideas on the topic. When you are ready...

  • Always write a/ the title
  • Paragraph 1
 This is your introduction. After you have introduced the reader to the subject of the essay, you write a thesis statement. This is the last sentence of the first paragraph, and it should do two things
          Directly answer the essay question
          Tell the reader what your opinion is
  • Paragraph 2
This is the first paragraph of the essay body. Use any of these at the beginning of this paragraph: first, first of all, in the first place, for one thing, to begin with.
Give a reason and a justification or an example.
  • Paragraph 3
 This is the second paragraph of the essay body. Use any of these at the beginning of this paragraph: second, next, in addition, also, furthermore, more importantly, another key point is
 Give a reason and a justification or an example.
  • Pargraph 4
At this point, you can add the opposite view point giving reasons why this should or could be considered too. On the other hand, however, nevertheless...
Give a reason and a justification or an example.
  • Paragraph 5
 This is your conclusion. Use any of these at the beginning of this paragraph:
in conclusion,  to sum  up, all in all, all things considered
Restate your opinion using different words from those used in the introduction.
See example below


Should police officers carry guns?

    Many communities have been debating whether or not police officers should carry guns. In some situations, guns protect the police officer as well as the public. However, guns often result in injuries and death. In my opinion, no police officer should ever carry a gun.

      First of all, guns cause more harm than good. There are often stories in the newspaper about people who are accidentally shot. Moreover, many of these stories involve police officers. If guns were not involved, these accidents would not happen.

      On the other hand, there are very few stories about how a gun has saved somebody's life. In addition to the previous point, in most cases police officers do not  need guns. My uncle, for example, has been a police officer for over 20 years, and he has never had to use his gun. In fact, he says that most people who break the law are unarmed. Thus, it is often unnecessary for police officers to carry guns. 

     In conclusion, I do not think that police officers need to carry a gun with them in order to do their job well. I am sure we would all live in a safer and happier world without guns of any type .